This small village is situated beside the Nene to the west of Peterborough. Partly within the parish is the site of the Roman town of Durobivae sited where Ermine Street crossed the Nene. It started as a settlement serving a fort, but grew into an important regional capital. Town walls were built in the second century and the town was intensively occupied and often re-built.
The industrial site of Normangate Field adjoined the town and was, amongst other things, the centre of a major pottery industry. An indication of the wealth of this town is the Water Newton treasure which can be seen in the British Museum. This included six silver vessels, two of them inscribed with Christian dedications, seventeen silver votive plaques and a gold disc bearing Christian symbols. This hoard is dated to the fourth century and apparently belongs to a time of Christian persecution.
Water Newton had an 18th Century watermill and lock-keeper's cottage now converted into private dwellings. An early English church has unusually been dedicated to St. Remigius.